BibleAce.com | The Book of SONG OF SONGS

BibleAce.com | For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12

O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
PRO | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8

 

THE BOOK OF

SONG OF SONGS

 

Overview:

This book is also known as Song of Solomon, Canticles (derived from Jerome's Vulgate), or Song of Songs (the Hebrew title, which means “the most beautiful (or finest) of songs”). The Jewish community includes this work in the five Megilloth, literature traditionally read at Pentecost (Ruth), Passover (Song of Songs), Feast of Tabernacles (Ecclesiastes), the anniversary of Jerusalem's fall (Lamentations), and Purim (Esther). Some Jewish interpreters see this book as an allegory of God's love for Israel, dividing the book into five symbolic representations of Israel's history:

(1) the Exodus and Initial Conquest of Canaan (1:1-3:6);
(2) Solomon's Temple Era (3:7-5:1);
(3) Israel's Exile (5:2-6:1);
(4) Return and Reconstruction of the Temple (6:2-7:11); and
(5) Expectation of the Messiah's Coming (7:12-8:14)

Some Christians allegorize this book as a love song between Christ and his Church, although the New Testament contains not even one allusion or quotation from this book to support such an interpretation (cf. Ephesians 5:22-33; Revelation 18:23-24).

A literal view of this work sees it as a poetic depiction of the courtship and pending wedding of a man and a woman. This view holds that the book contains a similar application to women in its eight chapters that the first eight chapters of the book of Proverbs does for men. Exhortations to pursue relational and moral wisdom differentiate the sections at 2:7; 3:5; 5:1; 8:4; and 8:14, where they as repeated counsel not to stir up sexual passion until marriage. The book may be studied in five parts:

(1) The Wonders of Innocent Affection (1:1-2:7),
(2) Working at Pursuing a Lasting Relationship (2:8-3:4),
(3) The Benefits of a Godly Witness at a Wedding (3:6-5:1),
(4) Anticipating the Joys of a Godly Marriage (5:2-8:4), and
(5) Concluding Counsel: on How to Raise a Young Girl into a Godly Woman (8:5-14).

Authorship:

Rabbinic and early church tradition assign authorship to King Solomon, primarily based on the claims set forth in the first verse of chapter one.

Composition Date:

In general terms, most of this book would have been composed by Solomon ca. 950 BC and then assembled in final form sometime after his death. Some scholars see in this book's vocabulary apparent references to Greek, Aramaic, and even Persian loan words, thus pointing to a later date for this book's composition than the reign of Solomon. However, other research suggests that what are alleged to be Greek and Persian loan words in fact originated with Hebrew, and not the other way around, with Aramaic influences attributable to the ubiquitous influence of that language extending historically even earlier than Solomon's time.

Messianic Hope:

The Messiah as the Rose of Sharon

 

Introduction to the book of Song of Songs taken from the Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.0., Build 2014.01.13.
Copyright © 1996-2014 by the ISV Foundation. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY.

 



 

PRO | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8
O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
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For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12 (ISV)
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