BibleAce.com | The Book of JOEL

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O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
JOEL | 1 | 2 | 3 |

 

THE BOOK OF

JOEL

 

Overview:

This book is named after its author (1:1), who is described as the son of Pethuel. His work is primarily addressed to the residents of Jerusalem, though its application was intended clearly for the entire nation of ancient Israel. The book may be studied in seven parts:

(1) Judgment by Locusts (1:1-20),
(2) Judgment by Invasion (2:1-11),
(3) Repentance and Response (2:12-19),
(4) Forgiveness for Israel (2:20),
(5) Proclamation of Healing (2:21-27),
(6) Grace Poured Out (2:28-32), and
(7) Judgment of the Nations (3:1-21).

Authorship:

Rabbinic and conservative Christian tradition assign authorship to this book to Joel. Jewish and Christian scholars differ in their division of the chapter arrangements for this book. Christian traditions follow Jerome's Latin Vulgate chapter divisions, while the Hebrew Scriptures end chapter two at verse 27, creating chapter three from 2:28-32, thus crafting a fourth separate chapter out of what the Vulgate identified as chapter three.

Composition Date:

While this book does not contain definitive claims as to the dates of composition, estimates range from the early monarchy to the late post-exilic period. The predominance of priests and elders without once mentioning a king or even a royal household's presence in Jerusalem, coupled with Joel's focus on Jerusalem while ignoring the Northern Kingdom suggests to some an early exilic period for this book. Others suggest that Joel's focus on priests and elders to the exclusion of royalty can explain the paucity of reference to royalty. Joel's specific mention of the walls of Jerusalem (2:7-9) is also suggested as implying either a pre-exilic period or a post-Nehemiah reform period for composition, and the evident existence of the Temple as a focus of prophetic utterance seems to exclude the exilic period (ca. 586-518 BC) as a time frame in which parts of the book were composed.

Messianic Hope:

The Messiah as the One Roaring from Zion

 

Introduction to the book of Joel taken from the Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.0., Build 2014.01.01.
Copyright © 1996-2014 by the ISV Foundation. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY.

 



 

JOEL | 1 | 2 | 3
O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
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For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12 (ISV)
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