BibleAce.com | The Book of JOB

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O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
JOB | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

 

THE BOOK OF

JOB

 

Overview:

Job is named after the man whose experiences are described in it. Long considered one of the finest examples of poetic literature penned by anyone in any culture, Job is a masterful discussion of theodicy, i.e., the problem of the presence of evil—whether caused by man, by nature, or by both—within the human condition. It consists mainly of an eloquent treatise that places a suffering Job, the righteous and faithful follower of God, in the midst of an emotionally charged debate with Job's friends about why Job has suffered loss of children, possessions, and health. God himself enters the debate to condemn the unrighteous, but seemingly correct logic of Job's friends. Then God places the ultimate answer to the problem of evil at the center of divine purpose, the appointment of God, and the integrity of God's own character. Job may be studied in eight parts:

(1) a Prologue, which presents a dialogue between God and Satan (1:1-2:13),
(2) Job's Curse, in which Job regrets the day of his birth (3:1-26),
(3) a Debate between Job and his Three Friends (4:2-27:33),
(4) a Description of Wisdom (28:1-28),
(5) a Discussion of Job's Past, Present, and Claims to Innocence (29:1-31:40),
(6) a Summary Argument by a Young Man (32:1-37:24),
(7) God's Answer to Job (38:1-42:6), and
(8) a Closing Epilogue (42:7-17).

Authorship:

Unknown, though some early traditions attribute the rendering of this book into written form by Moses from an oral tradition that dates to the time of Abraham or perhaps earlier.

Composition Date:

No internal clues give any hint as to this book's composition date, except that its vocabulary and literary structure provide clear hints to a great antiquity that hints of an original oral tradition that eventually was formulated as poetry and recorded in written form. If Job was converted from oral tradition to written form by Moses, then it would have been recorded sometime after the exodus of ancient Israel from Egypt and before they entered the land of Canaan; i.e., during the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt's history in general, and specifically during the reign of either Amenhotpe II or Thutmose IV. Paucity of reference to any other known biblical characters (except Satan and God), apparent connections of the work's vocabulary and language to pre- or mid-second millennium BC Ugaritic, coupled with unmistakable evidence of an existing sacrificial system employed as a prerequisite for approaching God, when considered together, suggests that the events described in this book took place sometime well before (or at the very latest, contemporary with) God's choice of Abraham as the progenitor of what would one day become the nation of Israel. That the Dead Sea Scrolls include only Genesis – Deuteronomy and Job among its literature penned in Paleo-Hebrew script seems to point to an understanding that this book is surely one of the oldest of the books that comprise the Hebrew Scriptures.

Messianic Hope:

The Messiah as the Living Redeemer

 

Introduction to the book of Job taken from the Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.0., Build 2014.01.13.
Copyright © 1996-2014 by the ISV Foundation. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY.

 



 

JOB | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42
O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
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For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12 (ISV)
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