BibleAce.com | The Second Letter of the Apostle John | 2 JOHN

BibleAce.com | For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12

O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
2JOHN | 1

 

THE 2ND LETTER OF THE APOSTLE JOHN

2 JOHN

 

Overview:

This letter is named after its author, who though not identified by name, calls himself “the Elder” (v. 1) as he writes to an also unidentified “chosen lady and her children” (v.1). Some conservative scholars allegorize this letter as having been written as a symbolic reference to a local church and its members, despite there being no evidence in any other book of the Bible that would support such allegorizing or support identifying a specific candidate church to whom this book would have been addressed. Others suggest that “the chosen lady” refers to the church universal. Still others suggest that this letter was written by the Apostle John to Mary, the mother of Jesus (then spending her older years in Ephesus where John resided) and to her surviving children James and Jude, who wrote the New Testament books that bear their names. It may be studied in four parts:

(1) Salutation (v. 1-3),
(2) Living in Truth and Love (v. 4-6),
(3) Guarding Truth about the Son of God (v. 7-11), and
(4) Concluding Remarks (v. 12-13).

Authorship:

Technically anonymous as to the writer because a specific authorship attribution does not appear in this short letter, early Christian tradition held that this letter was written by the Apostle John, brother of the Apostle James (cf. Mark 1:19-20), who also authored 1 John, 3 John, the Gospel of John, and the Book of Revelation. No individual other than the Apostle John was suggested by the early church as the author of this work.

Composition Date:

No scholarly consensus exists as to the approximate date of the composition of this work, but conservative scholars generally agree with the early church father Irenaeus, who wrote that the Apostle John published his Gospel “during his residence at Ephesus in Asia” (Against Heresies 3.1.1). Accordingly, it is reasonable to suppose that this letter (along with 1 John and 3 John) was also written from Ephesus sometime following his composition of his Gospel, which would have been well before the destruction of Jerusalem's Temple in 70 AD.

Messianic Theme:

The Doctrine of the Messiah

 

Introduction to the book of 2 John taken from the Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.0., Build 2014.01.13.
Copyright © 1996-2014 by the ISV Foundation. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY.

 



 

2JOHN | 1
O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
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For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12 (ISV)
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