BibleAce.com | The First Book Samuel

BibleAce.com | For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12

O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
1SAM | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34

 

THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL

1 SAMUEL

 

Overview:

1 Samuel and 2 Samuel were originally considered to be a single work, named after the prophet Samuel, whose ministry as prophet and judge of pre-monarchy Israel is chronicled in the first portion of this book. Containing apparently contemporaneous reports concerning activities by Eli, Samuel, Saul, and David, a number of post-event theological observations by the writer/editor(s) suggest that the primary application of 1 and 2 Samuel was to the exiled community of Israel. This book may be studied with 2 Samuel together in four parts:

(1) Fall of the House of Eli and Rise of Samuel as Prophet (1:1-7:17),
(2) Saul’s Reign (8:1-14:51),
(3) David’s Reign as a King “After God’s Own Heart” (1 Sam 15:1-2 Sam 1:27), and
(4) David’s Reign (2 Sam 2:1-24:25).

Authorship:

Anonymous. Certain traditions attribute this work to the prophets Samuel, Gad, Nathan, or to other contemporaries of King David, who used a number of preexisting written chronicles and reference records (cf., for example, 2 Samuel 1:18’s reference to the now lost Book of Jashar) as a contributing resource to 1 and 2 Samuel.

Composition Date:

Accounts of events at Shiloh, the ark of the covenant, Samuel’s activities as prophet and judge, Saul’s kingship over Israel, and early records about David’s life may have been recorded by Samuel or some other contemporary during the eleventh century, BC, while many of the events that occurred during David’s reign would have been recorded during the early part of the tenth century before the Christian era. A reference to the length of David’s reign (2 Samuel 5:4) suggests that portions of 1 and 2 Samuel were composed after David’s death. References to the kings of Judah (1 Samuel 27:6) suggests some elements of the book were added after the united monarchy dissolved, i.e., during the reign of King Solomon’s son Rehoboam. 1 Samuel 9:9’s explanation of a then-anachronistic term implies some editing of the text may have occurred as late as the eighth century BC (cf. Amos 7:12). Records regarding Shimei, Joab, and Zadok suggest this book was edited into the final form in which we have them today sometime during the later events chronicled in 2 Kings.

Messianic Hope:

The Messiah as Great David's Greater Son

 

Introduction to the book of Genesis taken from the Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.0., Build 2014.01.13.
Copyright © 1996-2014 by the ISV Foundation. Used by permission of Davidson Press, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED INTERNATIONALLY.

 



 

1SAM | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25
26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34
O.T. | GEN | EXO | LEV | NUM | DEU | JOS | JDG | RUT | 1SA | 2SA | 1KI | 2KI | 1CH | 2CH | EZR | NEH | EST | JOB | PSA | PRO | ECC
SOS | ISA | JER | LAM | EZE | DAN | HOS | JOE | AMO | OBA | JON | MIC | NAH | HAB | ZEP | ZEC | MAL | N.T. | MAT | MAR | LUK | JOH
ACT | ROM | 1CO | 2CO | GAL | EPH | PHI | COL | 1TH | 2TH |1TI | 2TI | TIT | PHL | HEB | JAM | 1PE | 2PE | 1JO | 2JO | 3JO | JUD | REV
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For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any double-edged sword... Hebrews 4:12 (ISV)
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